Chicago Notes on Style
For more information, see the printed version The Chicago Manual of Style.
- Title Page: Include the full title of the paper and
your name. Instructor frequently want the course title, the instructor's name, and
the date as well. Do not type a number on the title page but count it in the
manuscript numbering (the first page of the text is usually numbered 2).
- Page Order: Using arabic numerals, number all pages except
the title page in the upper right corner. You may also use a short title or
your last name before the page numbers to help identify pages in case they
come loose from your manuscript.
- Margins should be at least one inch at the top, bottom,
and sides of the page.
- Double-space the entire manuscript, including long
quotations that have been set off from the text.
- Long Quotations should be set off from the text by
indenting. Indent the full quotation one-half inch from the left margin.
Quotation marks are not necessary when a quotation is set off from the text.
- Endnotes begin on a new page at the end of the paper.
Center the title Notes about one inch from the top of the page, and number the pages
consecutively with the rest of the manuscript. Double-space throughout and do not add
extra lines of space between entries. Indent the first line of each entry five spaces
(a half inch) from the left margin. Do not indent additional lines in an entry. Begin
each note with the arabic numeral that corresponds to the number in the text. Put a
period after the number.
- Center "Bibliography" across the top of the page. Do not underline, italicize or
place in quotation marks.
- Begin each entry at the left margin, and indent additional lines
- Double-space throughout; do not add extra lines of space between entries.
- Arrange items alphabetically by author or editor, interfiling books, articles, etc.
- When a work has no author or editor, alphabetize by the first word of the title
other than A, An, or The.
- If there are two or more works by the same author, use three hyphens instead of
the author's name in all entries after the first. Arrange entries
alphabetically by title or chronologically by year.
- Reference Lists for the author-date system require a
detailed list of sources that provides all bibliographic information.
- Arrange items alphabetically by author, interfiling books, articles, etc.
- Indent the second and following lines.
- If no author is given, start with the title and then the date.
- Italicize titles (use underlining if you are using a typewriter).
- Parenthetical citations (Author-Date System) emphasize
author's last name and date of publication, with page numbers being cited only if a
particular part of the source is being cited or if a direct quotation is used. It
interacts with the reference list, as each reference within the paper must point to a
reference entry at the end of the paper. "Ibid" may be used if the same source is cited in succession with no intervening
quotation from another source, for example, (ibid., 265). A short citation may be
given (Beeler, 276) if a different source has been cited or more than two or three
pages have elapsed.
- Electronic Media
- Websites: Include the year you looked at it, the date it was created or updated,
and the full date you looked at it.
- Include the title of the web page, the name of the entire website, and the
organization that posted it (these last two items might be the same).
The Chicago Manual of Style. 1993. 14th ed. Chicago: University of Chicago Press. (Call No.: REF DESK 808.027 C532m14)